The only study that assessed age differences in usage [ 23 ] indicated that the latter in fact varies as a function of age. Third, specific prevention programs may be developed which incorporate different dimensions and treatment modalities that particularly target associated mental health problems.
Those adolescents who were addicted to the Internet and who had experience of substance use scored significantly higher on NS and lower on HA than the IA group. Most of the agencies surveyed for this study reported attempting in some way to analyze the effectiveness of their social media strategies.
In the above diagram, social networking sites is independent variable and student academic performance is dependent variable. Discussion and Conclusions The aim of this literature review was to present an overview of the emergent empirical research relating to usage of and addiction to social networks on the Internet.
Pragmatics is one of the four key components of the addiction specificity model and it emphasizes access and habituation variables in the development of specific addictions.
However, in general, the results of the reported studies suggest that the manifold ties pursued online are indicative, for the most part, of bridging rather than bonding social capital.
The benefits of large online social networks may potentially lead people to excessively engage in using them, which, in turn, may purport addictive behaviors. Sites for exchanging ideas usually around special interests.
There has been almost no research on the co-occurrence of SNS Review of related literature social networking with other types of addictive behavior, mainly because there have been so few studies examining SNS addiction as highlighted in the previous section. Females appear to use SNS in order to communicate with members of their peer group, whereas males appear to use them for the purposes of social compensation, learning, and social identity gratifications [ 37 ].
These might be adapted from the DSM-IV TR criteria for substance dependence [ 18 ] and the ICD criteria for a dependence syndrome [ ], including i tolerance, ii withdrawal, iii increased use, iv loss of control, v extended recovery periods, vi sacrificing social, occupational and recreational activities, and vii continued use despite of negative consequences.
Thereby, performance is the application of a learning product that at the end of the process provides mastery. Notwithstanding these findings, due to the lack of longitudinal designs used in the presented studies, no causal inferences can be drawn with regards to whether the excessive use of SNSs is the causal factor for the reported negative consequences.
YouTube videos covered a wide range of topics, including how-to-ride chapter two literatUre revieW: The findings indicate that SNSs are predominantly used for social purposes, mostly related to the maintenance of established offline networks.
The mass appeal of social networks on the Internet could potentially be a cause for concern, particularly when attending to the gradually increasing amounts of time people spend online [ 5 ].
The focus is placed on established networks, rather than on networking, which implies the construction of new networks. Therefore, it appears that HA particularly impacts Internet addiction specificity because high HA discriminates Internet addicts from individuals who are not only addicted to the Internet, but who use substances.
The findings of some studies e.
Likewise, people higher in narcissistic personality traits tend to be more active on Facebook and other SNSs in order to present themselves favourably online because the virtual environment empowers them to construct their ideal selves [ 59 — 62 ].
Developing a conceptual model that provides a descriptive representation of your theory. This is one of the most popular sign of social network addiction because is when you start to break your ordinary scheshulde and the person using the social network website starts to miss school, work or any other important thing by being connected.
This, in turn, may be linked to the activation of the appetitive system, which indicates that engaging in this particular activity may stimulate the neurological pathways known to be related to addiction experience.
Therefore, it seems plausible to hypothesize that persons with low harm avoidance are in danger of developing comorbid addictions to SNSs and substances. Accordingly, studies suggest that the engagement in addictive behaviors is relatively common among persons who suffer from substance dependence.
What can be some solutions to this problem? This is one of the most popular sign of social network addiction because is when you start to break your ordinary scheshulde and the person using the social network website starts to miss school, work or any other important thing by being connected.
These results suggest that it is particularly the enjoyment associated with SNS use in a hedonic context which has some similarities to addictionsas well as the recognition that a critical mass uses SNSs that motivates people to make use of those SNSs themselves [ 53 ].
This statistic alone indicates the exponential appeal of SNSs and also suggests a reason for a rise in potential SNS addiction. A look out for academic impacts of SNSs: This may lead to positive experiences that can potentially cultivate and facilitate learning experiences that drive the development of SNS addiction.
Cognitive absorption, which defines extent of deep involvement, is another personality factor taken into consideration while undertaking this research.
Likewise, men with neurotic traits use SNSs more frequently than women with neurotic traits [ 66 ].CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES AND LITERATURE Local Related Literature Social networks gave a big help to everyone, especially among the students businessman and other members of the society.
S:: A Literature Review On The Impact Of Social Media And Its Role In Marketing ISSN: International Journal of Informative & Futuristic Research (IJIFR) Volume - 3, Issue -8, April Continuous 32nd Edition, Page No youths in Bangladesh to explore the social media networking platforms and found consumers.
The above literature review reveals that research on the role of social media and social networking sites in academic performance of students is still debatable. Most of the researchers have created more questions that finding answers.
The above literature review reveals that research on the role of social media and social networking sites in academic performance of students is still debatable. Most of the researchers have created more questions that finding answers. Social capital, self-esteem, and use of online social network sites: A longitudinal analysis.
Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 29 (6), [ Get this article, read the review, discuss, and more. Social Media and Higher Education Literature Review In the Spring ofACUTA conducted a survey of its institutional members regarding their institutions’ use of social networking sites.Download