Challenger case study

A group of Morton Thiokol engineers, and in particular Roger Boisjolyexpressed their deep concern about a possible O-ring failure in cold weather and recommended postponing the launch. In the post-flight analysis, Thiokol engineers found that the amount of blow-by was relatively small and had not impinged upon the secondary O-ring, and concluded that for future flights, the damage was an acceptable risk.

This process is called extrusion, and the hot gases escaping is called blow-by. With the pressure from NASA, Thiokol management gave their approval to the launch, and Challenger was on its way to disaster.

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In order to measure change, root cause analysis specifies as precise a time as possible for a given incident. There was a fundamental Challenger case study flaw in the joint that engineers had grown accustomed to and had learned to live with.

What is the problem? The more time it takes for extrusion to occur, however, the greater the damage to the O-rings. The O-rings, as well as many other critical components, had no test data to support any expectation of a successful launch in such conditions.

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This brings us to the most immediate reason for the O-ring failure: On the morning of the launch, the cold weather lengthened the time of extrusion and hardened the O-ring, which could not form a seal in time.

The Shuttle program was grounded for almost three years, until a number of technical and management changes were implemented for safe operation of shuttle. At this stage in the analysis, all potential problems are written down for later evaluation.

The disintegration began with the failure of an O-ring seal in the right Solid Rocket Challenger case study SRB that let a plume of hot gases break through. O-ring concerns[ edit ] Challenger being carried atop a Crawler-transporter on the way to the launch pad Each of the Space Shuttle's two Solid Rocket Boosters SRBs was constructed of seven sections, six of which were permanently joined in pairs at the factory.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. We will write a custom essay sample on Challenger Case Study or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not Waste HIRE WRITER It will go in depth into the cause of the disaster, both technical and ethical, how these problems can be fixed to prevent a reoccurrence, who the stakeholders are in the project and how they were affected by the disaster.

This too was a momentous occasion, even for a space shuttle well versed in historic firsts: A mere 73 seconds after liftoff, the space shuttle broke apart over the Atlantic, taking the lives of all seven crewmembers. NASA staff opposed the delay.

The investigation discovered a disturbing detail: Root Cause analysis thus makes it easier to identify many possible solutions from the detailed Cause Map; root cause analysis thus facilitates identifying more multiple workable solutions than can more oversimplified high-level analysis.

NASA, for its part, had every reason to be confident about this mission. This was unproven, and was in any case an argument that did not apply to a "Criticality 1" component. In the memo he has indentified the real problem, he has mentioned that unofficial team tasked to solve the issue is not really the solution and moreover, he has predicted what the outcome might be?

This was an important consideration, since the SRB O-rings had been designated as a "Criticality 1" component, meaning that there was no backup if both the primary and secondary O-rings failed, and their failure could destroy the Orbiter and kill its crew.

The secondary O-ring was not in its seated position due to the metal bending. It was much lower than the air temperature and far below the design specifications for the O-rings.

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Root Cause Analysis – Challenger Explosion

NASA manager Jud Lovingood responded that Thiokol could not make the recommendation without providing a safe temperature. The launch was originally planned for January 20th, We will live with unknowns for exactly as long as technology limits our ability to explore, to discover, and no longer.

Perhaps most concerning was the launch of STSB in Aprilflown by Challenger, in which the worst O-ring damage to date was discovered in post-flight analysis. Where did it happen?

Challenger: A Management Failure

That way we build a nice clean Cause Map for more efficient root cause analysis. NASA decided to use Casablanca as the TAL site, but because it was not equipped for night landings, the launch had to be moved to the morning Florida time. Despite the two tragedies that marked its history, the Space Shuttle program will always be remembered for the marvelous contribution it gave to the advancement of the US space program.

Root Cause Analysis – Challenger Explosion

In this case, the safety goal was affected by the deaths of all seven astronauts aboard the Challenger. For example, one engineer suggested that joint rotation would render the secondary O-ring useless, but Hardy did not forward these memos to Thiokol, and the field joints were accepted for flight in January Learn how and when to remove this template message Gray smoke escaping from the right side SRB The following account of the accident is derived from real time telemetry data and photographic analysis, as well as from transcripts of air-to-ground and mission control voice communications.

The nozzles of the main engines pivoted under computer control to compensate for the unbalanced thrust produced by the booster burn-through. Thiokol management initially supported its engineers' recommendation to postpone the launch, but NASA staff opposed a delay.Challenger also presented a case study in organizational communication and ethics, including the ethics of organizational structure and culture as it promotes or discourages necessary communication, the ethics of whistle blowing, and an excellent study of group.

Abstract: This research is a case study of the events following the Challenger accident and focuses on the way in which members of NASA before the accident and the Presidential Commission following the accident acted in ways to protect the survival of NASA as a viable.

Challenger Case Study

Challenger’s fateful mission – flight number STSL – was a unique mission. Among the crew there was Christa McAuliffe, the first civilian astronaut.

McAulliffe was a teacher selected out of applicants under a new program called the Teacher in Space Project. On the fateful morning of January 26,the challenger shuttle broke up and burst into flames within 73 seconds of lift off.

Many factors have to be considered when trying to figure out the cause of this disaster, and also how it could have been avoided. Poor communication between NASA managers, Thiokol managers, and [ ]. Use as case study. The Challenger accident has frequently been used as a case study in the study of subjects such as engineering safety, the ethics of whistle-blowing, communications, group decision-making, and the dangers of EST ( UTC).

Case Study: AuScope Geodetic VLBI Array Challenger Communications services clients from around the world, and when our superior products were requested in Tasmania, we delivered the parts on time, and at a competitive cost.

Challenger case study
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